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Deposit Types

Volcanogenic massive sulfide (VMS) deposits share the following characteristics (Gifkins et al., 2005):
According to the lithological classification system of VMS deposits (Galley et al., 2007), the Jalisco VMS deposits are best described as "siliciclastic-felsic" (Fig. 23). These types of VMS deposits form in the back-arc regions of continental arcs (Fig. 22). The most diagnostic characteristic of these types of VMS deposits are the occurrence of black carbonaceous argillite (Fig. 19). Continental back-arc setting include some of the world's most economically important VMS districts, including the Ordovician Bathurst camp of New Brunswick and the Devono-Mississippian Iberian Pyrite Belt (Galley et al., 2007).


Galley, A.G., Hannington, M.D., and Jonasson, I.R., 2007, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits in Goodfellow, W.D. ed., Mineral Deposits of Canada: A Synthesis of Major Deposit Types, District Metallogeny, the Evolution of Geological Provinces and Exploration Methods: Geological Association of Canada, Mineral Deposits Division, Special Publication No. 5, p. 141-161.

Gifkins, C., Herrmann, W., Large, R., 2005, Altered Volcanic Rocks; a guide to description and interpretation: Center for Ore Deposits Research, University of Tasmania, Australia, 275 p.

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